Elemental Control refers to the ability to magically control the elements; fire, earth, air and water (and by extension, ice), featured on ABC's Once Upon a Time and Once Upon a Time in Wonderland.
- Regina Mills – Regina can conjure and control fire.
- Cora Mills – Cora can control fire, large bodies of water (Lake Nostos), conjure swirling winds and rock.
- Zelena Mills – Zelena also has the ability to conjure fireballs.
- Rumplestiltskin – Rumplestiltskin can conjure fireballs.
- Emma Swan – Emma learns how to control fire, first doing so in Neverland.
- Anastasia – Anastasia learns how to control fire from Cora.
- Mermaids – Their magic allows them to use the ocean to traverse realms.
- Poseidon – As the ruler of the oceans, Poseidon can teleport through bodies of water.
- Hades – Hades has the ability to control fire, and uses the River of Lost Souls to trap people's souls.
- Merlin – Merlin, with his powers from the Holy Grail, can control fire and earth.
- Maleficent – Maleficent has the ability to control and conjure fire.
- Snow White (briefly) – In the alternate reality created by Isaac Heller, Snow White can conjure fireballs.
Some people can only exclusively practise ice magic, specifically certain members of the royal family of Arendelle: